Army Tanks
Soviet Union

JS-1

Active: 1943
Crew: 4
Weight: 45.3 tons (46,000kg)
Length: 27ft 3in (8.32m)
Height: 9ft 6in (2.9m)
Width: 10ft 8in (3.25m)
Weapons: Main - 3.94in (100mm) gun, Secondary - 2 x 0.3 inch (7.62mm) machineguns
Armor Maximum - 5.2in (132mm)
Engine: V2-IS 12-cylinder diesel, 510hp
Speed: 24.9mph (40kph)
Range: 155 miles (250 km)

The Germans developed a number of different tanks in response to the Soviet Union's KV-1 and T-34, and the Soviets, in turn,  responded to these German developments by creating the JS (Joseph Stalin)-1 Heavy Tank.

Design of the JS -1 commenced in 1941.

The Soviets wanted the JS-1 to be a four-man tank that didn't weigh much more than the KV-1, but had a larger gun and enough armor to repel German anti-tank gun rounds.

JS-1 heavy tank at the Battle of Kursk in 1943Originally, the JS-1 was supposed to have a 3.35 inch (85 mm) gun as its main weapon, but by the time it went into service in 1943, this was changed to a 3.94 inch (100 mm) gun.

By placing a larger superstructure over a KV chassis, the Russians were able to place a larger turret ring and turret on the tank, which allowed them to fit a larger gun onto the JS-1.

The JS-1 had a low, streamlined silhouette and proved to be very reliable.

Toward the end of 1944, some of the JS-1s had their man guns changed to 4.8 inch (122mm) guns. The turrets on these tanks were replaced with larger turrets that would fit the larger guns.